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Regular Expressions Primer

Below are some common regular expression symbols that can be used for pattern matching.

Characters

Symbol Meaning Example
. Any character except line break. hey. would match to heya, heyo, and heyy.
[…] Any character specified in the brackets. Use the - symbol to specify a range. [a-z] would match any character between a and z, such as a, b, x, y. [abc] would match a or b or c.

Quantifiers

Symbol Meaning Example
* Zero or more times. a* would match aa and aaaaaa.
? Once or none. heya? would match hey and heya.

Anchors/Boundaries

Symbol Meaning Example
\b Word boundary. no would match no and snow. \bno\b would match no but not snow.

Additional Resources